Motivations for participation in physical activity across the lifespan
James Gavin • Matthew Keough • Michael Abravanel • Tatiana Moudrakovski
International Journal of Wellbeing
Vol 4, No 1 (2014)
The International Journal of Wellbeing was launched on 31st January 2011 in order to promote interdisciplinary research on wellbeing. The editorial team is dedicated to open access for academic research, and to making the journals content permanently free for all readers and authors.
The Int’l Jrl of Well Being is an electronic, open journal, and has a very interesting article on motivation to stay physically active
Click on the PDF link for: "Motivations for participation in physical activity across the lifespan."
Gavin et al found 4 factors in motivation that change across the lifespan. What Gavin doesn’t address, would these four factors be prescriptive / motivational for people in the age groups that are NOT exercising?
What do you find helps people adopt and maintain physical activity?
Abstract: This investigation explored motivations for engaging in physical activity and how they varied across the lifespan. A total of 1,885 individuals completed a comprehensive questionnaire concerning personal style, activity interests, motives for exercising, and biosocial information as part of an initiative to improve physical activity advisement and programming. The first part of the research called for an exploratory factor analysis (EFA) of a 20-item measure of both intrinsic and extrinsic motivations related to participation in exercise, while the second was based in an analysis of differences on the EFA factor scores across five age groups: teens, 20s, 30s, 40s, and
50s+. EFA results suggested a four-factor (oblique rotation) solution that appeared to provide an adequate and generalizable map of intrinsic and extrinsic motivations for exercise. The factors were labeled as follows: mental toughness, toned and fit, fun and friends, and stress reduction. Not surprisingly, mean scores on toned and fit were the highest of the four factor means across all age groups. Univariate ANOVAs of age group differences were statistically significant for each of the four factors; moreover, all four factors showed statistically significant linear trends. Two factors, toned and fit and stress reduction, revealed higher motivation scores with increasing age, while the remaining two, mental toughness and fun and friends, exhibited declining scores with increasing age. These findings taken in the context of previous research on age-related motivational differences offered insights into current challenges for enhancing exercise participation, particularly for older individuals.
Gavin, J., Keough, M., Abravanel, M., Moudrakovski, T., & Mcbrearty, M. (2014). Motivations for participation in physical activity across the lifespan. International Journal of Wellbeing, 4(1), 46-61. doi:10.5502/ijw.v4i1.1