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20061208191635-0736011072.jpgThe sport psichologistTSP, 20(4), December 2006, Copyright 2006   
A Qualitative Investigation into Experiences of the Role Episode in Soccer
Stephen D. Mellalieu, Scott W. Juniper
AbstractThis study explored the phenomenon of the role episode in sport. Performance profiles and interviews were conducted with 11 male collegiate soccer players to identify the factors that contributed to the formation of positive perceptions of role states and the consequences for the individual and team. Role clarity developed via a combination of learning through implicit experiences in the sport and explicit instruction from role senders. Role acceptance formed through the focal person’s perceptions of the assigned performance role and the role sender. Positive perceptions of role states were suggested to improve performance by enhancing individual and group-related variables, including role satisfaction, group cohesion, and collective efficacy. The findings highlight the significance of understanding the factors that contribute to a positive role episode in sport and present  
TSP, 20(3), September 2006,
A Qualitative Study of Moral Reasoning of Young Elite Athletes

Thierry Long, Nathalie Panteleon, Gerard Bruant; Fabienne d´Arripe-Lonqueville
Abstract
Based on game reasoning theory (Shields & Bredemeier, 2001) and related research, the present study aimed at describing young elite athletes’ perceptions of rules compliance and transgression in competitive settings, as well as the underlying reasons for these actions. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 10 young elite athletes. The qualitative analysis showed that respect and transgression of rules in competitive settings were perceived to depend upon the athletes’ individual characteristics (e.g., desire to win), their social environment (e.g., coach’s pressure, team norms), sports values and virtues (e.g., fair play, the effort ethic), and modern sports rewards (e.g., media recognition, financial rewards).  These  results confirmed and expanded game reasoning theory and illustrated moral disengagement mechanisms (Bandura et al., 1996) in the sport domain.
08/12/2006 19:16 ucha #. sin tema

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